How do secured loans work?

For the creditor to issue a large amount of credit, he needs a guarantee that you will return the funds. Sometimes, a credit and income check is not enough. In this case, it is worth paying attention to a secured loan. You can get more funds on favorable terms when taking out such a loan. They are less risky for the lender. Because of this, you can take a secured personal loan at a low-interest rate. But sometimes, this is not the best option, with certain features and consequences.

Collateral loan: what it is and how it works

First, let's understand what is a secured loan. It is a type of financial assistance that is secured by collateral. When applying for a loan, the creditor is interested in what asset you leave as collateral. A lien is placed on this asset. It is a guarantee that you will return the secured bank loan. If this does not happen, the creditor has the right to seize and sell the asset.

Secured Loan VS Unsecured Loan

No collateral is required for an unsecured loan. But if you have a bad credit rating or need a large amount of money, you can try to arrange a collateral option. But before that, it is necessary to understand how do secured loans work.

When choosing credit, you should consider all the features and consequences. We advise you to familiarize yourself with the comparison table to understand the difference between an unsecured loan and secured finance.

Secured loan

Unsecured credit


mandatory availability of property that can be used as collateral

no deposit required


high limits

low limits, because there are no hundred percent payment guarantees

Credit rating

lending is available even with a bad credit history

in order to get good credit terms, a high credit score is required

Evaluation criteria

low, because the creditor takes almost no risk




may be too high, especially if you have bad credit


seizure of collateral, deterioration of credit rating

decrease in assessment, accumulation of overdue payments

Types of lending

mortgage, car loan, credit cards, etc

personal loans, student loans, etc

What loan can be secured

When issuing a secured loan mean, the creditor will be sure that he has a guarantee of payment. Of course, this does not give you complete confidence that you will return the funds. But if this does not happen, there will be at least some compensation.

Secured loans include:

  • mortgage;

  • equity line of credit;

  • car loan;

  • land loan;

  • business loan.

The purpose and where the money is needed is clear from the lending name. It is these objects that will become collateral when providing financial assistance. For example, the creditor can seize the apartment if you do not return the money for the mortgage.

What collateral can be used

Given that the value of a secured loan meaning you to get a more significant amount on favorable terms, many people want to get this type of credit. Assets specified in the relevant laws are accepted as collateral. It may be:

  • real estate;

  • financial accounts;

  • vehicles;

  • technical equipment;

  • investment documents;

  • insurance policies;

  • collectible items;

  • jewels and ornaments.

Regardless of which collateral you use, it would help if you studied in detail how does secured loans work. You should also find out what will happen if payments are not made on time.

What will happen if you do not pay the secured loan

In case of several missed payments, the creditor will take possession of the assets. Under the laws of some states, you may not even know about it. But that's not all. If, after selling the support, the funds will not be sufficient to cover the loan, additional funds will have to be paid.

For example, you took out a loan for $20,000 to buy a boat. In this case, the ship itself will act as security. Due to unavoidable circumstances, you could not make the payment on time. The creditor seizes the boat and sells it for $15,000. As a result, you will owe another 5,000 thousand plus commissions and other penalties.

The situation is a little more complicated in the case of a mortgage or business lending. In some states, the creditor may go to court to foreclose on the property. They must also send a notification about the start of the recovery procedure.

You should call the creditor as soon as you realize that you cannot make a payment on time. It is possible to change the loan payment terms. In this way, you will save yourself from losing assets.


A secured loan is a financial instrument that will help you get the necessary money. Before signing, it is essential to learn how does a secure loan work. It would help if you also compared offers from several lenders. In this way, you can choose the most profitable financial assistance option.

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